Observations on CCO Liability
Concerns and confusion regarding CCO liability still abound. Here are a few words on the topic…
CCOs Worry About Liability Even Amidst SEC Assurances
I think it is telling that CCOs are worried about CCO liability, even with clear messaging from the SEC that the agency views CCOs as important “partners.” Our recent ComplianceCast polling revealed 89% of the CCOs attending said they are worried about liability, with a mere 11% saying they were not. Interestingly, 100% do not currently have CCO liability insurance.
Concerns Voiced about Outsourced CCOs apply Equally to “In-house” CCOs
OCIE talks about the growing trend in outsourced CCOs in its November Risk Alert, offering observations of what works and what doesn’t. And of the highlighted observations, seems to me one can apply the same considerations whether the CCO is an employee, outsourced contractor or consultant. They still must be empowered and knowledgeable, with the authority to be effective. And what about wearing multiple hats? Former Commissioner Luis Aguilar said, “The vast majority of these Enforcement cases [against CCOs] involved CCOs who “wore more than one hat…” “In fact, since the adoption of Rule 206(4)7, enforcement actions against individuals with CCO only titles and job functions have been rare. For example, over the last 11 years, the Commission brought only eight cases against such CCOs.”
Lessons Learned from CCO Enforcement Cases
It’s been said the SEC Enforcement cases against CCOs revolve around whether the CCO had responsibility to manage a specific issue and failed to perform his/her responsibilities in good faith—such as having had knowledge, and either failed to adopt policies and procedures to address them or failed to carry them out. Another case, where the CCO was not named, involved the CCO asking for additional resources. All these cases deliver a strong message to CCOs and contribute to new or continued worries about liability.